THe reason for which many violin students are at a loss how to bow pieces that they buy for amusement is, that when they being to study a piece on this beautiful instrument, they devote their time and energy to nothing else by to play, notes, notes, notes.
If they could be persuaded to, or would persuade themselves to do more thinking and more strictly "gymnastical" work, much better results would be obtained.
The first study of this lesson is given to you to think about the division of the bow, to find out by the printed music whether you must play at the frog or at the point, if the whole, half, or short part of the bow should be used.
The first four quarter notes are slurred. It is therefore evident that you will have to use the whole bow for the four notes and move very slowly with the forearm.
The first seven measure are all played with the whole bow, and the same length of time must of course be given to each measure.
The bow-hair must never leave the strings. In the 8th measure the quarter note is to be played as if it were an 8th note because it is the last note under a slur. Remember this rule: the last note under a slur is always a little softer and shorter. SOmehting like the last "E" in remarkable", or other similar words.
The ha fl note should be half of the bow, and the quarter note about three inches - tut the arms should move twice as fast and then stop for the time of an 8th and a quarter rest.
In the 9th measure, quarter notes are found with pointed dots. SUch a dot takes three quarters of the time value from the notes. These quarter notes are played with a faster movement of the bow, as if they were printed as 16th notes followed by a 16th and an 8th rest.
These pointed dots are merely abbreviations. Sh. str., is an abbreviation for short stroke, wh. B. - whole bow.
In the fifth measure you have four eighth notes to play with the half of the bow. The right hand moves exactly as it did before, but the fingers of the left hand must "make" the 8th notes.
Count from the beginning: 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 &, eight word to every measure, one word or count to every possible eight note, and two for every qu rater and for every half.
If you study this lesson carefully you will never be in doubt how to bow a piece or exercise.
If you want to play a scale begriming on D, you will have to raise two notes F and C, otherwise, the half tones would not occur between the 3rd and 4th and 7th and 8th degree.
When you have practiced this scale many times, you end it with the notes, D, F#, A and D, )last two bars) which when heard together form the common chord of D major.
For a recreation you have a popular melody in the key of D.
You may slur two eighth notes even if not marked if you prefer the effect, but then you should mark it and play always in the same way.
N. B. When writing always mention your instrument and the name of the last lesson received.