Chapter 5 - Particles
§65. — Adverbs
Monosyllabic adverbs are placed before the words to which they belong ; as, ró ṁór very great. ''
Compound adverbs, particularly those formed from adjectives, are placed after the nominatives to the verbs which they qualify, but never placed between the auxiliary and the verb as in English ; as, d'eíriġ sé go moċ, he rose early ; tá sé déanta go ceart, it is done properly ; not tá sé go ceart." — 0' Donovan.
Adverbs signifying proximity take the dative case generally with do ; as, tá sé angár ḋom, he is near me.
The following adverbs also take the dative case : — a ḃfos, on this side; a ḃad, afar off; amaċ , out; amuiċ, without; ṫall, beyond; anall, on this side; asteaċ, within; as, fan a ḃfos aguinn, stay on this side with us.
§ 66. — Prepositions,
The prepositions in general govern the dative case ; as, ṫáiniġ sé go hAlbainn, he came to Scotland.
Gan, without, and idir, between, sometimes govern the accusative ; as, gan sólas, without comfort; idir an fear agus a ḃean, between the man and his wife.
The following prepositions, being in reality nouns, govern the genitive case : —
All compound prepositions for the same reason take the genitive ; as, a n-aġaiḋ mo ṫoile, , against my will.
On initial changes caused by certain prepositions see § 53.
§ 67. — Conjunctions and Interjections.
There is no peculiarity in the syntax of the conjunctions. On initial changes caused by certain of them see § 35.
The interjection mairg, woe, being in reality a noun, is always followed by the preposition do with the dative ; as, mairg duit, woe to thee!