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Titulary what's this?
Horus Name

Nefer-khau "Horus, Beautiful of Apparitions " or
"The Beauty has Appeared"

Nebty Name

Nefer-em-nebty  "Beautirful with the Two ladies"

Golden Horus Name

Netjer-nub-nefer  'The Golden Falcon is Beautiful"

Praenomen Neferefre, 'He is beautiful, Re" , "Beautiful is Re"
Nomen Isi, Izi "Re Has Appeared"
Manetho Cheres, Chaires
King Lists Neferkhare
Alternate Names Neferefre, Reneferef
Dates what's this?
manetho reigned 20 years
turin canon reigned 3 years
clayton reigned 7 years
piccione 2488--2477 BCE
egyptsite 2419--2416 BCE
krauss 2460-2455
von beckerath, allen 2431-2420
malek 2418-2408
redford 2475-2474
dodson 2435-2432
Predecessor Brother, Shepseskare  (older)
Successor Brother Niuserre (younger)
Associated People
Father Neferirkare
Mother Khentkawes II
Brother Niuserre
Brother Shepseskare (possible)
Burial Place
Pyramid at Abu Sir (Netri-biw-Heferefre) "The Pyramid which is Divine of the ba-Spirits"
Pyramid at Abu Sir (Netri-biw-Heferefre)
Sun Temple, (Hotep-Re), unknown location

When I first started listing out the pharaohs and organizing this site, I ended up with about three or four versions of everyone's name. This is because of the way that the name is written in hieroglyphs and what order they are actually pronounced in (see an explanation of the precedence of gods name for some idea why this happens). So, Re-Never-Ef is also seen as Nefer-ef-re. These are both valid.


Neferefre is the first son of Neferirkare and Khentkawes II. That's about all we know about him. No important documents are found of his reign, the Turin list is fragmentary, and he left behind only an unfinished pyramid that is possibly attributed to him. Like his predecessors Sahure, Neferirkare, and Shepseskare, he is reputed to have built a Sun Temple, but the location of the monument is unknown.

Almost nothing wa known of Neferefre until the unfinished pyramid in Abu Sir was excavated in the 1980s.  The complex is at the southern part of the necropolis, and contains an elaborate mortuary temple made of mud bricks. Like much of the building in Abu Sir, it looks like it was hastily finished. The pyramid was once again a step pyramid, although only one step was completed before he died. The outside was covered in pebble-dash (pebbles in mud mortar) before it was sealed.

Inside the pyramid papyri, stone vessels, and mud seals identify the builder as Neferefre. A few small statues were found, showing a very young man, probably not out of his twenties.  The burial chamber in the pyramid had been looted in antiquity, but fragments of the red granite sarcophagus were found and pieces of mummy wrappings and bones. Canopic jars (jars for the internal organs) were also found, which leads many to believe that the eking was actually buried in this pyramid.

The mummy was from a young man, which fits what we know of the pharaoh, but of course,, we cannot identify the fragments remaining.

It is likely that his reign was very short, since we have so little evidence from it. Manetho's twenty years seems completely unreasonable, and most egyptologists agree that he reigned only a few years, possibly 3 or 4.



Neferirkare (Kakai)


Pyramid, Abu Sir
Sun Temple