p h o u k a  h o m e i r i s h  l e s s o n s  h o m e

Book I:


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§ 19. The Article and the Noun.

There is no INDEFINITE article in Irish; thus, gort means "a field." The DEFINITE article is an, "the" ( ăn : like the an- in "annoy"), as, an gort, the field. In such phrases (compare the English "a field") the stress is laid on the noun; the is no stress on the article and the vowel-sound of the article is obscure, as an gort (ăn gŭrth). In the spoken language the n of the article an is often omitted before nouns beginning with a consonant.

§ 20 The Adjective and the Noun

Adjectives, as a rule, are placed AFTER the noun which they qualify; as cú óg (koo ōg) , a young greyhound; an gort mór, the big field; gort mór árd, a big high field

§ 21 Words

árd aurdh high, tall mae I
( ) a cow mór (mōr) great, big, large
bos (bŭs) palm of hand óg (ōg) young
cos (kŭs) a foot sál (saul) a heel
(koo) a greyhound srón (srōn) nose
glas (glos) adj green (thoo) thou
glún (gloon) knee úr (oor) fresh, new
gort (gŭrth) a field      
Proper Names:      
Árt (orth) Art Úna (oon' ă ) Una
The conjunction "and" agus (og- ăs) and


In words of two syllables the accent is usually upon the first syllable, as marked in oon' ă, og'- ăs. The vowel of the last syllable when short , is then, as a rule, obscure (see §14 above.

note that
are not
necessarily pronounced
as in English

See § 13-16

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