p h o u k a  h o m e i r i s h  l e s s o n s  h o m e

Book I:


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§ 62. Vocabulary

do (dhŭ), preposition, to
do'n ¹ (dhun) = do an, to the
dul (dhul), going
fás (faus), growing
níl (neel), am not, art not, is not, are not
ó (ō), from
ó'n from the
olann (ŭl'-ăN), wool

In the spoken language, do'n is not used to express motion only in the a few stereotyped phrases, like ag dul, do'n daingean, going to Dingle; ag dul do'n Roiṁ , going to Rome; ó Ḋoire do’n tSr aṫ ban , from Derry to Strabane, etc. In all such cases, it is pronounced 'on'

1. See §114. Besides do, do'n, there are other words and phrases for "to", "towards", etc; such as ċum, ċuig or aig (a very common word), go dti, etc.

§ 63 Translate into English

  • Fág an bád ar an tír fós.
  • Níl an bád ar an tír
  • atá an bád ag an tobar.
  • Níl an lá te
  • Níl an tobar tirim.
  • Níl a capall mór
  • Ná fan ag an doras, atá mé ag dul ó’n doras do´n tobar.
  • Atá mé ag dul do’n dún árd.
  • Atá balla mór, árd ag an dún.
  • Atá Conn óg, agus atá sé ag fás fós.

§ 64 Translate into Irish

  • I am not going from the fort yet.
  • I am not going to the well.
  • The day is hot.
  • I am not hot.
  • THe field is not green.
  • You are not a Granard.
  • The horse is going to the well.
  • Leave the wool on the stool.
  • The wool is white.
  • Una is young, she is tall, and she is not weak.
  • Nora is weak yet, she is growing.

The sounds of the letters c and g

We think it better to defer the study of these sounds until we have spoken of combinations of vowels.



note that
are not
necessarily pronounced
as in English

See § 13-16

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