p h o u k a  h o m e i r i s h  l e s s o n s  h o m e

Book I:


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exercise XXX

C slender

§ 187. As before stated, the ordinary letter k will, in most cases, represent to the ordinary reader the correct sound of c slender. This, however, is not true when the c is followed immediately by l, r, or n. In English the combinations cl, cr, as in clear, cream, are always pronounced with our K sound, or broad sound of c., so that when in Irish these combinations are followed by a slender vowel, we must use the symbol k to caution the student that the c is to have its slender sound. It is not difficult to pronounce c slender before l, r, or n, but the sound is unknown in English, and we shall endeavor to teach it to our students by means of a little device:—

§ 188. Examples

the word key-word is pronounced almost
cleas klas kil-as'
crios kris kir-is'
cneas knas kin-as'
creid kred kir-ed'

If the first syllable of the words in the last column be pronounced very short, and the stress be laid on the last syllable, the student will have a very good pronunciation of the words in question.

§ 189 Words

binn (bin), sweet (of sound)
ceol (kōl, k-yōl), music
ciall (kee-ăL), sense
cionnus (kiN'-ăs), how?
cré (krae, kir-ae'), clay
creid (kred), believe
críona (kreen'a, kir-een'-a), prudent
crios (kris, kir-is'), a belt
fíor (feer), true
láidir (laud'-ĕr), srong
(Nau), nor
(Nō), or
pairc (paurk), a pasture, field

§ 190. Cionnus atá tú? How are you? Go láidir, strongly. Cionnus 'tá tú? is oftener heard, and the older form, cannus 'taoi? (koN-ăs thee) is yet spoken in Munster. Gort, a tillage field, páirc, a pasture field.


note that
are not
necessarily pronounced
as in English

See § 13-16

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