p h o u k a  h o m e i r i s h  l e s s o n s  h o m e

Book 3:


  95 96 97
98 99 100 101
102 103 104 105
106 107 108 109
110 111 112 113
114 115 116 117
118 119 120 121
122 123 124 125
126 127 128 129
130 131 132 133
134 135 136 137
138 139 140  


exercise CII

§ 567. We are not children = Ní'limid in ar bpáisdiḃ (baushdiv) lit in our children. You are not good men, ní'l siḃ in ḃur ḃfearaiḃ (var'-ăv) maiṫe in your good men. They are not good boys, ní'lid in a mbuaċailliḃ (moo'-ăCH-ăl-iv) maiṫe.

§ 568. Ar, our; ḃur, your; a, their, cause eclipsis, as already stated. Contractions—in ar to 'nar; in ḃur to 'nḃur (Noor), in a to 'na.

§ 569. Note the form of the plural nouns used AFTER PREPOSITIONS. The ending is -aiḃ or -iḃ (both pronounced iv) When the last vowel of the noun is broad (a, o, u) the ending -aiḃ is used, as bád, bádaiḃ, fearaiḃ, capallaiḃ, longaiḃ.

When the last vowel of the noun is slender, (e, i) the ending used is -iḃ, as cailíḃ, páirdiḃ, daoiniḃ, buaċailliḃ, áitiḃ.

§ 570. Adjectives with plural nouns have a plural form. Those ending in a vowel are unchanged; as atá Nialla gus Art 'na ḃfearaiḃ fada. Those ending in a consonant add a in the plural if the vowel before the last consonant is a, o, u, as móra, árda, etc. But if the vowel before the last consonant is e or i the plural is formed by adding e.; as láidire, maiṫe.

§ 571. Compound Words

When two words are put together to make one (like English grand-father, newspaper, etc) the first consonant of the second word is aspirated.

sean-aṫair grand-father  
sean-ṁaṫair grandmother  
sean-ḟear old man shan'-ar
sean-ḃean old woman shan'-van
sean-ċapall old horse shan'-CHop-ăL
sean-ṗíopa old pipe  

§ 572. When the first word ends in n, and the second begins with d or t, there is no aspiration.

sean-duine old person shan'-dhin-ĕ
sean-tír old land  
sean-diuidín old pipe shan'-dyoo-deen
sean-teaċ old house Connaught
sean-toiġ old house, shanty shan'-thee
sean-dún old fort hence, Shandon




note that
are not
necessarily pronounced
as in English

See § 13-16


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